Anglo Saxon Gods and GodessesThis is a featured page

Woden

Woden, Anglo-Saxon GodWoden is the most important and powerful god in Anglo-Saxon Paganism. He is the one most found in literature and most used in modern-day allusions. He was known as the first ancestor of Anglo-Saxon royalty and is considered the god of kings. Woden was also the god of death, battle, wisdom, runes, and the Wild Hunt; his prowess encompasses most of Anglo Saxon cultural practices and activities. (1)

There are several places named after Woden, as well as the day of the week Wednesday. He corresponds to the Norse god Odin, from which he is derived. (2)

Ingui

Ingui is one of the lesser known Gods of Anglo-Saxon culture, not as high as such Gods as Woden. Not as much is known about Ingui, but some believe he is the same as the Norse God Freyr. If this theory is true, Ingui, while not as important as Woden, was still venerable in the Anglo-Saxon culture. The best evidence of ingui we have is in the 7th century amulet found in graves of Anglo-Saxon "Heathens," while many other Anglo-Saxon Gods are best described in the literature of the time. He was the God of fertility, and the amulet, (a naked figurine), seems to represent that. Some also believe that the Danish King in Beowulf, called Frea Ingwina (friends of Ing), is a reference to the Anglo-Saxon God.(3)

Thor

Thor was the god of thunder and was also called Thunar by the Anglo Saxons. He was son of the Earth gods Ordin and Jord but surpassed them both in popularity due to his lack of need for human sacrifices. thor was a strong, bearded, powerful looking god who was believed to ride in his chariot during storms and thunder was heard when he threw his hammer. His greatest foe was the serpent Jormungand whom he would eventually kill but also be killed by. He had a hot temper and would take it out by smashing giants heads with his hammer.
Frige, the Earth MotherAnglo Saxon Gods and Godesses - Undoomed Warrior
(4)

Frige

Frige was the Anglo-Saxon goddess of the earth. She corresponded to the Roman Venus, and was the origin for the name of the day Friday. She was the wife of Woden, and extremely important to the Anglo Saxons because she provided them with food and water. The Anglo-Saxons paid tribute to her in the month of September, the harvetst month. They referred to September as Haligmonath, or The Holy Month. (5)

Welund

Welund was a God that was very important to the Anglo-Saxon people. From the information we have about him, we can tell that he was a mythological god, and was heavily praised and worshipped by the Anglo-Saxons. He was a God known for creating amazing battle gear. He could create amazing and powerful armor and weapons. The "Franks Casket" is the best piece of evidence we hav of Welund. It actually shows us what the mythological God looked like in the eyes of the Anglo-Saxon people who worshipped him.(6)

Tiw, God of WarTiw

Tiw was possibly the oldest god recognized by Germanic tribes. There is evidence at one point, he was regarded as the highest god. During this time he was the god of the sky, and probably went alongside with Frige, the earth mother. He was later believed to be known as the god of war, after his symbols and insignias began to appear on weapons and armor. This probably occurred after he was usurped as head god by Woden.
Tiw is the equivalent of the Roman god Mars, and is the origin for the name Tuesday. (7)

Seaxneat

Seasneat was the god of either the sword or the Anglo Saxons ancestry themselves. The word Seax was lost in translation either being seax or sax meaning sword or the Anglo Saxons. He was believed, though, to be the ancestor of all the Anglo Saxons and every section of Germania and England worshiped him except for the areas of Sussex and Wessex whom may have worshipped Woden instead. Many dances towards him were sword dances which also leads to believe he was the god of the sword.(8)

Nerthus

There is controversy surrouding Nerthus, as to whether it is a God or Goddess. Some believe that Nerthus is the Eath Mother, as first said by Tacitus. Others suggest that Nerthus is the "consort of the earth mother." The Anglo-Saxons held elaborate ceremonies to honor Nerthus.(9)

Anglo Saxon Gods and Godesses - Undoomed Warrior(10)

Erce

Erce is believed to be the Anglo-Saxon goddess of the earth. Erce, which means mother of earth, is thought by some to be a real Anglo-Saxon goddess, while others believe it is just a "cry of invocation" to the earth itself. Not much is known about this goddess, because so much of the information we have is disputed. She has been compared to the Anglo-saxon earth goddess Nerthus, and also to Hretha.(11)

Anglo Saxon Gods and Godesses - Undoomed Warrior(12)

Eostre

Many believe that Eostre, meaning east, is a dawn goddess because the sun rises in the east. However she is only mentioned once in Old English literature. The anglo-saxons worshipped and held ceremonies for Eostre in April. April, a time of year when things begin to bloom and winter's harsh months end, was when she was celebrated because Eostre represents the re-birth of life and nature.(13)

Anglo Saxon Gods and Godesses - Undoomed Warrior(15)

Helith

Not much is known about Helith. He/she is mentioned in a few sources concerning the conversion of Dorset and its people by St. Augustine. It is not known however, if Helith ever existed or even who he/she was.

Hengest and Hersa

Hengest and Hersa were brothers whose "claim to fame" is that they led the settlement of England by the Anglo-Saxons. Their names mean stallion and horse respectively, and there is legend that suggests that they could hav been worshipped as Gods. There is evidence of a Germanic cult that worshipped two brothers that were believed to be horse Gods. No one is sure wether it was Hengest and Hersa, but the meaning of their names leads historians to believe there may have been a connection. (17)

Anglo Saxon Gods and Godesses - Undoomed Warrior (16)
Sources
(1) http://www.englishheathenism.homestead.com/WODEN.html
(2) http://www.teenwitch.com/DEITY/ANGLOSAX/WODEN.HTM
(3) http://www.englishheathenism.homestead.com/ingui.html
(4) http://www.mythicalrealm.com/legends/thor.html
(5) http://www.englishheathenism.homestead.com/frige.html
(6) http://www.homestead.com/englishheathenism/welund.html
(7) http://www.homestead.com/englishheathenism/tiw.html
(8)http://www.homestead.com/englishheathenism/seaxneat.html
(9) http://www.homestead.com/englishheathenism/nerthus.html
(10)http://www.morias-erben.com/gods/nerthussmall.jpg
(11) http://www.homestead.com/englishheathenism/erce.html
(12) http://www.homestead.com/englishheathenism/files/EARTH_MOTHER_5_small.JPG
(13) http://www.homestead.com/englishheathenism/eostre.html
(14) http://www.homestead.com/englishheathenism/helith.html
(15) http://www.folkstory.com/images/eostre2.jpg
(16) http://www.homestead.com/englishheathenism/files/Hengest.JPG
(17) http://www.homestead.com/englishheathenism/hengestandhorsa.html



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